Sarah Burgard is Professor of Sociology, Epidemiology and Public Policy at the University of Michigan. She has published extensively on the social factors underlying health and health disparities by socioeconomic status, gender, and race/ethnicity across the life course. Recent research and grants have explored the links between employment and health, particularly in the context of economic recessions, which disrupt career, economic, and health paths for many adults, but especially for marginalized groups. Burgard is a PI of two panel studies: the Americans' Changing Lives Study and the Michigan Recession and Recovery Study, and has used these data to study reciprocal associations between employment insecurity and health and influences of financial shocks, debt, housing instability, and material hardship, with a focus on creating life course measures of cumulative disadvantage.
She will take part of the Visiting Professors Program designed by EHESS, on proposal of Anne Rasmussen (Centre Alexandre-Koyré) from Ferbuary 1st to April 30th 2020 and in the frame of the convention between EHESS and the University of Michigan.
How gendered expectations about work and family shape sleep quality and quantity in the United States
Dans le cadre du séminaire de Romain Huret « Célibataires, familles et sociétés aux États-Unis à l’époque contemporaine »
Many sociologists have shown how gendered expectations about parenting mean that fathers and mothers take on different amounts of unpaid parenting and other household work, even if they are employed for pay. We use time use data to show that this finding extends in interesting ways to a major form of time use: sleep. While men actually sleep a few minutes less than women on average, women are more likely to get up to care for others from the midst of sleep. I discuss the implications of these sleep gaps for well being and gender stratification.
- Vendredi 28 février 2020, 14h-16h / Campus Condorcet, salle 3.07, centre de colloques, Cours des Humanités 93300 Aubervilliers
Studying gender and access to sleep: The importance of socially shaped employment and parenting expectations
Dans le cadre du séminaire de Christelle Avril et Mathieu Trachman « Études sur le genre et la sexualité (niveau 2) : actualité de la recherche en sciences sociales tardive »
Time use data from interviews that capture all waking activities as well as sleep can be used to study gender inequality in different societies. Sociologists have confirmed gendered differences in unpaid work and leisure, as well as in paid work, and a growing area of research has begun to explore how gender socialization shapes sleep, an important health indicator and health behavior strongly affected by caregiving responsibilities. In this seminar I discuss how to use time use data for these purposes and review evidence from our empirical analyses to illustrate the United States context in light of theoretical expectations..
- Lundi 2 mars 2020, 15h-17h / EHESS, salle 13 - 105 bd Raspail, 75006 Paris
Women’s work-family histories and cognitive performance across welfare state contexts
Dans le cadre d’une rencontre organisée par l’Institut national d’études démographiques (INED)
This study investigates the relationship between women’s work-family life histories and cognitive functioning in later life, with a focus on whether welfare state context moderates the association. Analyses were based on data from women in 15 European countries born between 1908 and 1957 from the Survey of Health, Aging, and Retirement in Europe (2004-9) (n=13,715). Multichannel sequence analysis identified five work-family typologies based on women’s work, partnership, and childrearing statuses between ages 12 and 50. Initial findings show that full time working mothers have higher predicted cognitive scores in Social Democratic countries than in all other welfare state groups. Part time working (married) mothers also show considerable variation across welfare state groups, with higher values in Conservative, Social Democratic, Liberal and Conservative countries than in Former Communist countries, and considerably lower values in Mediterranean countries. The pattern is similar, but more muted for women in other working life course types.
- Lundi 16 mars 2020, 10h30-12h / Ined, salle 40.29 - 9 Cours des Humanités, CS 50004, 93322 Aubervilliers
Unpacking the puzzle of the population health impact of macroeconomic recession
Dans le cadre du séminaire de Jean-Paul Gaudillière « La fin du grand partage ? Crises, mondialisation, systèmes de santé et politique des besoins »
Economics literature shows that at the aggregate level, recessions improve life expectancy in the short run. Sociological and public health literature show that unemployment, housing loss, and other such hardships are associated with poorer health among those who experience them. We show how both perspectives can be correct, discussing a range of evidence from both traditions and assessing data using both levels of analysis.
- Jeudi 19 mars 2020, 15h-18h / EHESS, salle 6 - 105 bd Raspail, 75006 Paris