Type d'actualité et date de publicationChercheur.es accueilli.es au CAK

Giulia Rispoli

Du 25 janvier au 31 octobre 2015

Portrait

Présentation

Mon domaine de spécialisation est l'histoire et l'épistémologie de la pensée systémique et de la cybernétique. Dans mon travail, je cherche à encadrer et comparer les approches systémiques occidentales et soviétiques, en particulier telles qu'appliquées à la biologie de l'évolution, l'écologie globale, et les sciences de la terre.

Ma thèse de doctorat, intitulée Tectologie: Energie et Cosmo-évolution dans la pensée systemique russe, (Université de Rome La Sapienza) traite principalement de la conception de Alexandre A. Bogdanov, scientifique russe considéré comme l'un des précurseurs de la théorie générale des systèmes et de la cybernétique. J'y ai montré que sa Science générale de l'organisation a fourni une épistémologie convaincante pour comprendre l'existence et le développement de systèmes complexes allant d'organismes unicellulaires au fonctionnement des écosystèmes à grande échelle, jusqu'à à la biosphère comme un organisme vivant en co-évolution avec l'environnement extérieur.

Mon travail à Paris porte, dans une approche interdisciplinaire, sur la question de la conceptualisation globale de l'environnement, notamment la contribution de la cybernétique et des théories systémiques du XXe siècle dans la promotion d'une nouvelle idée de la biosphère et de ses processus d'auto-maintien en tant qu'organisme complexe. Je souhaite offrir une perspective interculturelle, en explorant la façon dont les [scientifiques] soviétiques et occidentaux ont contribué (parfois par des biais et des trajectoires différentes) au développement d'une image globale de la terre.

Research interests

  • Russian systems thinking
  • Cybernetics and systems theory
  • Russian energetics, systems ecology and global ecology
  • Environmental history and conservation in the USSR
  • History and philosophy of evolutionary theories
  • Marxism and dialectical materialism

Currently

Visiting fellow, Centre Alexander Koyré (EHESS); Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.

Title of the project: De la théorie des organisations à la science de la biosphère en Russia. Perspectives épistémologiques historiques de l'écologie globale.

Fellowships and grants

25/1/2015-25/10/2015 9-month visiting fellowship, Centre Alexander Koyré, Paris, funded by Sapienza University of Rome.

02/02/2015-30/04/2015 Translation grant funded by the University of Milan “Bicocca” to support edition and translation of a Russian text.

2014-2015 Small research grant funded by Sapienza University of Rome for the project Systems Teories in the XX Century: structural convergences and borders crossing among biology, ecology and whole earth sciences.

14-16/05/2014 Conference grant funded by Aalto University, Helsinki, to participate in the two-day International Conference, Tangential Points between Art and Sciences.

30/03/2014-11/05/2014 PhD scholarship supplement for spending a period as a Visiting Associate at the York Centre for Complex Systems Analysis, Te University of York (UK), Faculty of Biology (Scientifc advisor, Dr. Leo Caves). Aim of the visiting: exploring the history and infuence of pre-soviet Russian systems thinkers – Aleksandr Bogdanov and Vladimir Vernadsky – to contemporary systems approaches.

2013-2014 Small research grant funded by the University of Rome for the interdisciplinary project. Biosphere and Semiosphere. Toward a Historical-Teoretical Reconstruction of the Concept of Space in V.I. Vernadskij and Yu. M. Lotman. (Whit Paolo De Luca and Pietro Restaneo, dep. of Slavic Languages and Literature).

09/2012-03/2013 EMA 2 MULTIC fellowship coordinated by the TU Dresden to conduct research at the dep. of Sociology of Science and Technology of the National University of Science and Technology «MISiS», Moscow. (Scientifc advisors: prof. Tatiana Ursul; dr. Elena Maksimenko). Aim of the visiting: on-site research to collect materials for my doctoral work.

09/2012-03/2013 PhD scholarship supplement for spending a six-month period at the National University of Science and Technology «MISiS», Moscow.

1/2012-11/2014 Tree-year PhD fellowship from the University of Rome “Sapienza”, Department of Philosophy.

Publication list

Books

Tagliagambe S., Rispoli G. (2015) Nascita e sviluppo di un pensiero divergente. Bogdanov, Vernadskij, Florenskij, Rubbettino, Roma (in press). ISBN: 9788849836936.

Rispoli G. (2012) Dall'Empiriomonismo alla Tectologia. Organizzazione, complessità e approccio sistemico nel pensiero di Aleksandr Bogdanov, Aracne, Roma. ISBN: 978-88-548-5372-0.

Co-edited volume with blind peer review process

Tikka, P., Soboleva, M., Rispoli, G. and Oittinen, V. (eds.) Refections of early Russian systemic thinking on flm arts and culture. Bogdanov, Eisenstein, and the Proletkult. Tangential Points Publication Series, Alto University, Helsinki (in progress).

Peer reviewed articles

Rispoli, G. (2015) “Teorija Sistem i evoljucionnych transakcii v kontekstie uchenija A. A. Bogdanova”, Filosofskie Nauki, 12/2014, pp. 50-65. ISSN: 0130-9749.

Rispoli, G. (2014) “Between Biosphere and Gaia, the Earth as a Living Organism in Soviet Geo-ecology”, Cosmos and History, pp. 78-91. ISSN 1832-9101.

Rispoli, G. (2013) “La Tectologia di Bogdanov come nuovo paradigma tra la Cibernetica e la Teoria Generale dei Sistemi”, Epistemologia, Vol. 36, pp. 315-330. ISSN 0392-9760.

Rispoli, G. “The role of Isaak Prezent in the rise and fall of Lysenkoism” Ludus Vitalis [forthcoming, 2015]. ISSN: 1133-5165.

Rispoli, G., Turriziani Colonna, F. “Intersezioni tra biologica dello sviluppo ed ecosistemica: nuove prospettive per l’evoluzione”Paradigmi [forthcoming, 2015]. ISSN: 1120-3402.

Book chapters

Rispoli G., De Luca P. “Russian emigration in Italy in the pre-revolutionary period: the case of the school of Capri”, Conference proceedings: Historical memory of Russia: Past and Present, Te Yuri Gagarin State Technical University of Saratov, [forthcoming, 2015].

Rispoli G. (2013)“I russia Capri nel contesto dell'Empiriocriticismo russo” in:A. Biagini, A. Carteny, D. Shendrikova (eds) Contributi sui rapporti italo-russi, Roma: Edizioni Nuova Cultura, pp. 107-118. ISBN: 9788868121631.

Rispoli, G. (2012) “Naturalismo russo e teorie della materia”, in E. Gagliasso (ed.), Vivi perché diversi, ETS, Pisa, pp. 103-124. ISBN: 978-884673542-3.

Rispoli, G. (2011) “Sergej Andreevich Podolinskij, 1850-1891”, in T. Bagarolo, D. Lepore (eds.) Lavoro ed Energia, PonSinMor, Torino, pp. 242-263. ISBN: 978-88-902775-8-0.

Translation

Sergej A. Podolinskij (2011) “Il lavoro dell'uomo in rapporto alla distribuzione dell'energia” edited and transl. from Russian by L. Lepore, G. Rispoli and D. Lepore, in: T. Bagarolo, D. Lepore (eds.) Lavoro ed Energia. L'atto di nascita dell'economia ecologica. PonSinMor, Torino, pp. 242-263. ISBN: 978-88-902775-8-0.

On-line Italian Journal

Rispoli G. (2014) “Rifessioni sulla cibernetica come prospettiva scientifca, ideologica e globale”, a cavallo tra USA e URSS, Riflessioni sistemiche, N. 11, pp. 89-100.

Rispoli G. (2014) “La scienza come impresa pubblica, intervista a Silvano Tagliagambe”,Rasoio di Occam(Micromega). ISSN: 2281-924X.

Rispoli G. “Riflessioni sulla distinzione tra antropomorfismo e antropodiniego”, POST, [accepted for publication]. ISBN: 978-88-5751-358-4.

In progress

Lev S. Vygotskij, La teoria delle emozioni, edit. and trans. by Giulia Rispoli, Mimesis. Forward by Andrey Maidanskij [to be submitted in Summer 2015].

With Pietro Restaneo and Paolo De Luca, “Space and continuum in Juri Lotman’s semiosphere [to be submitted shortly].

Conferences and workshops

15-16 May 2014 “Bogdanov’s ecological mind: new perspectives on a cybernetic concept of the environment”,The Influence of A. Bogdanov's systemic thinking on S. M. Eisenstein via Proletkult-movement,Aalto University, Helsinki (also member of the organising committee).

11-13 April 2014 With Paolo De Luca, “Russian emigration in Italy in the pre-revolutionary period: the case of the school of Capri”, Historical memory of Russia: Past and Present, International workshop, Yuri Gagarin State Technical University, Saratov (Russia).

14 January 2013 International Conference organised for Vladimir Vernadskij's 150 birthday, Vernadskij – Istorik nauki (Vernadskij – Historian of Science). The Russian Academy of Science, (RAN) Moscow. Interviewed as an international attendant.

3-4 September 2013 “La scienza generale dell'organizzazione. Il contributo dell'approccio sistemico russo di prima metà del Novecento” Graduate student conference in philosophy, Fondazione Collegio San Carlo, Modena.

21-28 July 2013 “From the Sun to the Earth: Biosphere as a living organism in Soviet Geo-ecology”, The 24th International Congress of History of Science, Technology and Medicine, The University of Manchester (Symposium: The Planet Earth, the Environment and the Cold War).

12 June 2013 “Il contributo dell'approccio sistemico russo tra evoluzionismo ed ecosistemica”, Graduate student conference to be admitted at the third year of the PhD, Sapienza University of Rome.

19-22 November 2012 “Tectology and Evolutionary Systems Teories in Russia”, International graduate student Conference «study and achieve», National University of Science and Technology MISiS, Moscow.

17 February 2011 “Iz veshi voznikaet vesh'. Vazhnost' universitetskovo mira”, International Forum « Russia- Italia » panel discussion on Education, (with prof. M.S. Veggetti and dr. E. Malerba), Sapienza University of Rome.

Workshop attended as an auditor thanks to travel grants

9 May 2014 Economics and Social Science Research Council-funded Workshop series Complexity and Method in the Social Sciences, The University of Warwick (UK)

11-13 December 2013 International conference organised by Marise Dennes, Léo Coutellec and Jacques Grinevald, Vernadsky: science européenne ou science planétaire? Université Michel De Montaigne Bordeaux 3.

22-24 March 2012 International workshop organised by Elena Aronova, Politics and Contexts of Science Studies during the Cold War and Beyond, Alfried Krupp Wissenschaftskolleg Greifswald.

Teaching activities

13 November 2013 With Mattia Della Rocca, “Dall'Empiriomonismo alla Tectologia. Organizzazione, complessità e approccio sistemico nel pensiero di Aleksandr Bogdanov”, Laboratorio di Storia e Filosofa della Psicologia e delle Neuroscienze, seminar for undergrad. students in Humanities, University of Rome Tor Vergata (holder of the chair, prof. Carmela Morabito).

23 May 2013 “L'ecologia russa tra bio-geo-chimica e Tectologia”. Seminar for undergrad. students in Philosophy and Life Sciences, (TA for prof. Elena Gagliasso), Sapienza University of Rome.

5 June 2012 “Le difusioni del Darwinismo. Principi e peculiarità dell'evoluzionismo russo”, Seminar in History of Biology, (holder of the chair, prof. Bernardino Fantini), Sapienza University of Rome.

Research affiliation

April 2014-present Visiting Associate to the York Center for Complex Systems Analysis (YCCSA), TheUniversity of York, UK.

2013-present Member of the research group LATACI, Laboratório de Tecnologia Aplicada à Ciência da Informação, coordinated by Max Cirinos De Mattos, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brasil.